Wyoming Pronghorn Hunting Uncovered: Insider Tips and Techniques

Introduction to Wyoming Pronghorn Hunting

Wyoming pronghorn hunting is one of the most thrilling hunting experiences. The wide-open regions, difficulty of finding these elusive critters, and stunning scenery make it a unique endeavor. This article will explore Wyoming pronghorn hunting and reveal insider tips and strategies to help novice and seasoned hunters enjoy this remarkable trip.

Wyoming has some of the best pronghorn antelope hunting. The state has a healthy antelope population and great hunting. Pronghorns are easy to hunt, making them suitable for beginners.

Wyoming pronghorn hunting is best in the fall, from early September to late October. This is when antelope are at their best and the weather is nice.

wyoming pronghorn hunting 02
Wyoming pronghorn hunting 02

Wyoming has two main pronghorn hunts: spot-and-stalk and blinds. Spot and stalk hunts require hunters to be very stealthy and patient. They must carefully approach the antelope without being seen. Blind hunts involve sitting in a camouflaged blind, waiting for the antelope to come to you.

Wyoming pronghorn hunting is fun no matter the quest. Beautiful antelope make for tough and satisfying hunting.

Wyoming pronghorn hunting is best in these areas:

  • South-central Wyoming: This area is home to some of the largest antelope herds in the state. Hunting locations 10, 15, 16, 17, and 20 are good.
  • Central Wyoming: This area is also home to a large antelope population. Hunt areas 22, 23, and 102 are all good options.
  • Southwest Wyoming: This area is known for its wide-open spaces and abundant antelope. Hunt areas 109 and 35 are good options.

Here are some tips for hunting pronghorn in Wyoming:

  • Scout the area in advance: This will help you find the best hunting spots and learn the movement patterns of the antelope.
  • Be patient and stealthy: Pronghorn are very skittish animals, so it’s important to be patient and stealthy when approaching them.
  • Use the right equipment: You’ll need a good rifle with a scope, as well as camouflage clothing and gear.
  • Be prepared for anything: The weather in Wyoming can change quickly, so be prepared for anything, from hot sun to cold rain.

The Majesty of Pronghorns: An Overview

Before discussing hunting techniques, let’s admire pronghorns. These elegant animals are called “speed goats” because they can reach 55 mph. With their distinctive horns and keen senses, pronghorns have evolved to thrive in the rugged landscapes of Wyoming.

wyoming pronghorn hunting 03
Wyoming pronghorn hunting 03

Essential Gear and Preparation for Wyoming Pronghorn Hunting

Selecting the Right Firearm and Ammunition

Choosing the appropriate firearm and ammunition is crucial for a successful pronghorn hunt. Opt for a high-velocity, flat-shooting rifle chambered in a caliber like .243 Winchester or .270 Winchester. Ensure that you’re comfortable and accurate with your chosen firearm before heading out.

When to Hunt Pronghorn in Wyoming

The pronghorn hunting season in Wyoming typically opens in mid-August and continues through October. For 2023, the projected season is August 19th through October 31st. Specific season dates vary each year, so be sure to check the current Wyoming Game and Fish regulations.

Licenses and Permits Needed

To hunt pronghorn in Wyoming, you’ll need a valid Wyoming hunting license and a pronghorn special management permit or stamp. These can be obtained through the draw system. Non-resident draw odds are limited due to quotas. Consider applying for units with higher pronghorn populations to increase your chances.

Buck vs Doe Hunting

Pronghorn bucks are highly desired by hunters for their horns. Buck seasons tend to be shorter and license fees higher than those for does. However, hunting a mature doe can offer an excellent challenge. Does provide a great opportunity, especially for hunters seeking meat.

Where to Find Pronghorn

Most pronghorn hunting takes place in western and central Wyoming. Premier habitat includes the Red Desert, Great Divide Basin, and Thunder Basin. Pronghorn gather in these sagebrush and high desert areas each fall to feed and prepare for winter.

Importance of Draw Units

Wyoming issues pronghorn licenses based on over 100 hunt units. Researching units and applying for those with favorable age ratios, sex ratios, or higher populations can increase draw odds.

Legal Methods for Taking Pronghorn

Centerfire rifles, muzzleloaders, shotguns, handguns, and archery tackle are all legal for pronghorn hunting. Be sure to check regulations for details on calibers, magazine capacity, or draw weight restrictions based on method.

Camouflage and Concealment

Blend into the surroundings with effective camouflage gear. Wyoming’s terrain can vary, so pack versatile camouflage that matches the environment you’ll be hunting in. Pay attention to scent control as well to avoid alerting pronghorns with your scent.

Mapping and Scouting

Before setting foot in the field, thoroughly study maps of your hunting area and scout potential locations. Look for water sources, feeding areas, and travel corridors that pronghorns frequent. This knowledge can significantly increase your chances of a successful hunt.

Wyoming pronghorn hunting 04
Wyoming pronghorn hunting 04

Tracking and Approaching Pronghorns

Observing Behavior Patterns

Understanding pronghorn behavior is key to getting close. Study their habits, feeding times, and preferred routes. Patience is crucial – observe from a distance and avoid sudden movements that could spook them.

Stalking Techniques

Employ stalking techniques such as utilizing natural cover, moving slowly, and utilizing the terrain to your advantage. Pronghorns have exceptional eyesight, so staying hidden and using available cover is essential.

Wind Direction and Scent Control

Pronghorns rely heavily on their sense of smell. Always approach from downwind to prevent them from detecting your scent. Utilize scent-blocking clothing and products to further minimize your odor.

Making the Perfect Shot

Judging Distances

Accurately judging distances is crucial for a clean shot. Practice with a rangefinder to become proficient at estimating distances in the field. A well-placed shot is more humane and increases your chances of a successful harvest.

Shot Placement

Aim for vital areas such as the heart and lungs to ensure a swift and ethical kill. Practice shooting from various positions to prepare for different scenarios during the hunt.

Wyoming pronghorn hunting 05
Wyoming pronghorn hunting 05

After the Hunt: Field Dressing and Processing

Efficient Field Dressing

Proper field dressing is essential to preserve the quality of the meat. Carry essential tools such as a sharp knife, gloves, and bags for the meat. Work quickly and efficiently to cool the meat down.

Processing and Cooking

Once the hunt is complete, take the time to process and cook the meat properly. Pronghorn meat is lean and flavorful, making it a delicious addition to your table. Explore different cooking methods to savor the fruits of your labor.


Embarking on a Wyoming pronghorn hunting expedition is an experience like no other. Natural beauty, the excitement of the pursuit, and the satisfaction of a successful hunt create lifelong memories. Honing your abilities, knowing pronghorn behavior, and respecting the environment can uncover the mysteries of pronghorn hunting and maximize this magnificent journey.

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